HOW TO PREVENT PRESSURE SORES IN SPINAL CORD INJURY




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Did you know that 95% of pressure sores are actually preventable? However, even after pressure sores develop, there are things you could do in order to prevent spinal cord injury. And this is the subject of this page.  Read below on this, or use the menu buttons above to move to other pages.







10 ways to avoid pressure sores and spinal cord injury:
There are several things one could do in order to prevent pressure sores and thus spinal cord injury:

1. Do regular pressure relief activities. Notice that each person is different. Some people need to shift their weight more often than other people. Consult your therapist, because the methods of pressure reliefs and areas you need to target will also depend on the nature of your injury and your metabolism.

2. Check your skin regularly every day, and look for areas that are red, darker, bruised, scraped, or have blisters.  Look also for hardness and swelling which may indicate certain skin problems.  Check especially those areas where bones are closer to the skin. These areas are of highest risk, and include such areas as elbows, knees, ankles, toes, ischium and sacrum.  Also pay attention to ingrown fingernails.

3. Take care of your skin. Make sure your skin is dry and clean at all times. At the same time, using a moisturizer (one that has been approved by your therapist) also helps. Do not use harsh soaps or antibacterial soaps or detergents.

4. Take care of your mattress and seating padding. Use pillows and pads to protect your bony areas while sleeping. In certain cases, your doctor might suggest special mattresses, too. Make sure you have the appropriate wheelchair with appropriate padding. It is best to ask your therapist as to the best option for you.

5. Wear proper clothing and shoes. Avoid too tight clothes or bulky pockets. Your shoes should be 1 or 2 sizes bigger than the size you used to wear before the injury.

6. Make sure you eat a balanced diet that includes proteins, fruit and vegetables. This is very important for your body tissue to rebuild. Consult your therapist to measure your protein, albumen, prealbumen, hemoglobin, and lymphocyte levels.

7. Make sure you drink enough water every day and avoid caffeinated drinks like coffee and tea. Caffeine has a dehydrating effect. Your water intake needs might depend on your bladder management routine; consult your doctor as to how much water you need per day.

8. Avoid getting sunburn. Use sunscreen.
Avoid extremely hot objects or hot water such as fireplaces or hot water in the shower.

9. Avoid cold weather.

10. Stop smoking!