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There are several stages of pressure sores, and things you can do at every stage. This page gives you information about this issue:

Stage Normal Skin:

skin before spinal cord injury

Stage 1:

spinal cord injury - stage 1

Compare the Stage 1 picture above withe the picture of the normal skin!  At this stage, skin is not yet broken, but is read instead. When you press, it still stays red for about 30 minutes. In other words, it takes the skin around 30 minutes to become lighter again.

If you are at this stage, the pressure sore can be removed in approximately 3 days. Here are the things you could do:

1. Remove all pressure from the relevant area. Keep it as clean as possible.

2. Drink lots of water. Eat food that is high in proteain, Vitamin A and C, iron and zinc.

3. Call your doctor if it hasn't gone awa within a couple of days.

Stage 2:

spinal cord injury - stage 2

At this stage, Stage 2, the outermost area of skin is broken, creating an open sore. The second layer of the skin may (or may not) also be broken.  In addition, there might be some fluid leakage.

If you are at this stage, healing could take anywhere between three days to around three weeks, and here is what you should do:

1. Follow the instructions listed under Stage 1 above.

2. See your doctor right away.

Stage 3:

spinal cord injury - stage 3
At Stage 3, the wound extends through the seond layer of skin all the way into the faty area below the skin.  Signs of infection include redness around the area, odor, and green-like drainage. If you are at this stage, it takes  around one to four months or more for the pressure sore to be healed.  You should follow the instrutions at stages 1 and and 2 above, and see your doctor right away.

Stage 4:

spinal cord injury - stage 4

Stage 4 is when the wound extends to the muscle, and in some cases, the bone. Lots of tissues are dead at this point, and there is a very high risk of infection. Healing time could take anywhere between three months to two years, and sometimes more. If you are at this stage, consult your doctor immediately.

National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel (NPUAP):